There are no bulletproof materials in this world. However, there are armor configurations that are resistant to certain threats.
1- When we talk about “ballistic armor,” we cover all armor plates in the business ranging from the lightest infantry armor to the heaviest Tank glacis ballistic armor.
2- Against which bullet do you need ballistic armor? Every kinetic threat, from the smallest gun to 30 mm auto cannon ammunition, is classified under NATO and other country standards.
3- Let’s say you specified the threat. More than 1 technology to stop a bullet. Do you mean steel? Composite? Just Polymer? All of them in their category have heavier and lighter versions.
4- What is the shooting distance? The energy of a bullet will diminish with the far distance. An armor-piercing core may bounce off your lightest ballistic armor, given enough distance.
5- Heavy in what way? Is it a vest for Infantry units fighting in the mountains or for secret service individuals on protective duty in Urban Spaces? Is it an MRAP (Mine resistant ambush protected) Vehicle used for transporting goods and personnel, or is it the side armor of an IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) situated deep in an urban warfare scenario? Every piece in the military has its purpose and is geared up depending on the situation that will use it.
Does Ballistic Body Armor Work Against Rifles?
It depends on the vest. Soft shell or body armor rusted at level IIIA will stop almost all handgun rounds, typically tested against .357 sig and .44 magnum. Level III will start blocking rifle rounds. Level IV vests blocks even more.
Now the issue is higher level starting getting ceramic plates. Ceramic plates are a lot like motorcycle helmets; once there has been damage to it, it is compromised and needs to be replaced or inspected by someone with adequate x-ray technology to fund micro cracks. That damage could be from getting shot at or from being dropped.
And not all body armors are the same. For example, some ceramic plate armors are solid one-piece. Still, some of the higher ends are composite stacks of multiple overlapping small pieces that prolong protection in a possible firefighter.
It is crucial to note that there are rounds out there that are bigger than those commonly listed for body armor. It is also important to note that even with body armor, you will get bruises and can have cracked ribs.
Body armor combines ceramic or, more frequently lately, steel plates with shockproof cushioning to reduce blunt contact force.
These ballistic plates are fitted into the padded armor vest in the front and rear and are changed out when they are damaged. They are available in type III and type IIIA (levels vary in protection, coverage, and weight).
They’re shaped like a torso with angled corners at the top and slightly arched towards the inside. It is probably to manage force distribution better than a perfectly flat metal surface. Also, probably helps soften the impact that way. They tend to be colored in a very dark gray.
Is There A Bulletproof Mask?
A personal piece of armor called a ballistic face mask or respirator, commonly referred to as facial armor, is intended to shield the wearer’s face from ballistic threats. Ballistic face masks are often composed of Kevlar or other bullet-resistant fabrics, and based on the design, the interior of the mask may be cushioned for impact resistance.
Respirators are widely available, and law enforcement personnel use them during close-quarters combat operations including hostage rescues, narcotics busts, and other raids. They work particularly well against gunfire, which scatter their pellets all over.