Kullu Manali – In the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, Manali is a town located near Kullu. The Beas River forms the northern end of the Kullu Valley, which is situated at the northern end of the valley.
In the Kullu district, the town is approximately 270 kilometers north of Shimla, the state capital, and 544 kilometers northeast of New Delhi, the national capital (Kullu Manali).
According to the 2011 Indian census, Manali has an estimated 8,096 residents, and it marks the start of an ancient trade route through Lahaul (H.P.) and Ladakh before crossing the Karakoram Pass to Yarkand and Hotan in China’s Tarim Basin. As the gateway to the Lahaul and Spiti districts and Leh city in Ladakh, Manali is a popular tourist destination in India.
History of Manali:
The town of Manali is named after Sanātanī lawgiver Manu (see Manusmriti). Manali is considered to derivative of Manu-Alaya (translating to ‘the abode of Manu’). Hindu cosmology holds that Manu stepped off his ark in Manali after a great flood deluged the world to recreate human life. Manali is located in the Kullu Valley, often referred to as the “Valley of the Gods”. In a village in the town, there is an ancient temple dedicated to the sage Manu.
According to Hinduism:
Manu survived a great flood that destroyed the rest of the world. His next step was to recreate mankind in this town in the Kullu Valley. Isn’t that a rush? There’s no wonder Manali’s towering peaks and verdant terrain attract adventure travelers, who enjoy heli-skiing, hiking, mountaineering, and river rafting. In a nearby deciduous forest, the four-story, wooden Hidimba Devi Temple sits high on a hill, where you can breathe deeply or visit a 30-minute walk from the city’s hot springs.
In the past few decades, Manali has grown from a trading village into a small town. It had an estimated population of 8,096 according to the 2011 census of India. It was estimated that 6,265 people lived in Manali in 2001. A majority of the population is male (64%), whereas a majority of the population is female (36%). Among Manali’s population, there were 80% of men and 63.9% of women who were literate. There were 9.5% of children under the age of six in the population.
Weather of Kullu Manali:
The climate in Manali is subtropical highland (Cfb) with warm summers, relatively cold winters, and a high diurnal temperature variation. Over the year, temperatures range from 7 °C (19 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F), with the hottest day crossing 30 °C (86 °F) and the coldest day below 7 °C (19 °F).
1. By Road (Kullu Manali):
The national highway NH 1 links Delhi with Ambala and from there with Chandigarh by way of NH 22, which passes through Bilaspur, Sundernagar, Mandi, and Kullu. From Chandigarh to Manali, the road distance is 310 km (190 mi), and from Delhi to Manali, the distance is 570 km (350 mi). HRTC (Himachal Road Transport Corporation), HPTDC (Himachal Tourism Development Corporation), and private operators provide bus services.
2. By Train:
Manali does not have a railhead nearby. There are broad gauge railheads at Una 250 kilometers (155 miles) away, Kiratpur Sahib 268 kilometers (167 miles), Kalka 275 kilometers (171 miles) away, Chandigarh 310 kilometers (193 miles) away, and Pathankot 325 kilometers (202 miles) away. Narrow gauge railheads are located at Joginder Nagar (175 kilometers, 109 miles). It is a nostalgic narrow-gauge line connecting Kalka with Shimla, which must be reache by road from Manali.
3. By Air:
Kullu–Manali Airport at Bhuntar town in Kullu is the nearest airport (IATA code KUU). Kullu Manali airport has a runway of over a kilometer long and also known as Kullu Manali airport. New Delhi has regular flights to the airport operated by Air India.
An environmental concern (Kullu Manali):
There has been a flurry of activity related to hydroelectricity and tourism in Manali. As a result of unplanned and rampant construction, forests have severely depleted, rivers have contaminated, and garbage has disposed of on mountain sides. In Uttarakhand, the Himalayan monali is the state bird, and its habitat has lost to various species of fauna.